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Winslow Homer

Winslow Homer (1836 - 1910) - United States (Boston)

现实主义, 现实主义

Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects. He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art. Largely self-taught, Homer began his career working as a commercial illustrator. He subsequently t......


Jean Baptiste Camille Corot

Jean Baptiste Camille Corot (1796 - 1875) - France (Paris)

现实主义, 浪漫主义

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (French: [ʒɑ̃ ba.tist ka.mij kɔ.ʁo] July 16, 1796 – February 22, 1875) was a French landscape and portrait painter as well as a printmaker in etching. He is a pivotal figure in landscape painting and his vast output simultaneously references the Neo-Classical tradition and anticipates the plein-air innovations of Impress......


Edward Hopper

Edward Hopper (1931 - 1967) - United States (Upper Nyack)

新现实主义, 现实主义, 社会现实主义, 抽象表现主义

Edward Hopper (July 22, 1882 – May 15, 1967 ) was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While he was most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. Both in his urban and rural scenes, his spare and finely calculated renderings reflected his personal vision of modern......


William Adolphe Bouguereau

William Adolphe Bouguereau (1825 - 1905) - France (La Rochelle)

现实主义, 新古典主义

William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: ​[wijam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo] 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. During his life he enjoyed significant popularity in......


Jean-François Millet

Jean-François Millet (1814 - 1875) - France (Gruchy)

现实主义, 现实主义

Jean-François Millet (French: [milɛ] October 4, 1814 – January 20, 1875) was a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. Millet is noted for his scenes of peasant farmers he can be categorized as part of the Realism art movement. Millet was the first child of Jean-Louis-Nicolas and Aimée-Henriette-Adélaïde Henry......


Nicholas Roerich

Nicholas Roerich (1874 - 1947) - Russia (Saint Petersburg)

新艺术, 现实主义, 拜占庭艺术

Nicholas Roerich (/ˈrɛrɪk/ October 9, 1874 – December 13, 1947) – known also as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Russian: Никола́й Константи́нович Ре́рих) – was a Russian painter, writer, archaeologist, theosophist, philosopher, and public figure, who in his youth was influenced by a movement in Russian society around the spiritual. He was intereste......


John Singer Sargent

John Singer Sargent (1856 - 1925) - Italy (Florence)

印象派, 现实主义

John Singer Sargent (/ˈsɑːrdʒənt/ January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was an American artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury. During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His oeuvre ......


Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro (1830 - 1903) - United States (Charlotte Amalie)

印象派, 现实主义, 后印象派

Camille Pissarro (French: [kamij pisaʁo] 10 July 1830 – 13 November 1903) was a Danish-French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter born on the island of St Thomas (now in the US Virgin Islands, but then in the Danish West Indies). His importance resides in his contributions to both Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. Pissarro studied from ......


Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev

Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev (1878 - 1927) - Russia (Astrakhan)

现实主义, 新艺术, 天真艺术的原始主义, 社会主义现实主义

Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev (Russian: Бори́с Миха́йлович Кусто́диев 7 March [O.S. 23 February] 1878 – 28 May 1927) was a Russian painter and stage designer. Boris Kustodiev was born in Astrakhan into the family of a professor of philosophy, history of literature, and logic at the local theological seminary. His father died young, and all financial......


Joaquin Sorolla Y Bastida

Joaquin Sorolla Y Bastida (1863 - 1923) - Spain (Valencia)

现实主义, 现实主义

Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (Spanish: [xoaˈkin soˈɾoʎa]) (27 February 1863 – 10 August 1923) was a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the bright sunligh......


Odilon Redon

Odilon Redon (1840 - 1916) - France (Bordeaux)

后印象派, 新艺术, 天真艺术的原始主义, 现实主义

Odilon Redon (born Bertrand Redon French: [ʁədɔ̃] April 20, 1840 – July 6, 1916) was a French symbolist painter, printmaker, draughtsman and pastellist. Odilon Redon was born in Bordeaux, Aquitaine, to a prosperous family. The young Bertrand Redon acquired the nickname "Odilon" from his mother, Odile. Redon started drawing as a child and, at the ag......


Ilya Yefimovich Repin

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 - 1930) - Russia (Chuguyev)

现实主义, 现实主义

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (Russian: Илья́ Ефи́мович Ре́пин, tr. Il'ya Yefimovich Repin, IPA: [ˈrʲepʲɪn] Finnish: Ilja Jefimovitš Repin Ukrainian: Ілля́ Юхи́мович Рє́пін 5 August [O.S. 24 July] 1844 – 29 September 1930) was a Russian realist painter. He was the most renowned Russian artist of the 19th century, when his position in the world of art was c......


Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin

Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin (1832 - 1898) - Russia (Yelabuga)

现实主义, 现实主义

Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin (Russian: Ива́н Ива́нович Ши́шкин 25 January 1832 – 20 March 1898) was a Russian landscape painter closely associated with the Peredvizhniki movement. Shishkin was born in Yelabuga of Vyatka Governorate (today Republic of Tatarstan) and graduated from the Kazan gymnasium. Then he studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Scu......


Isaak Ilyich Levitan

Isaak Ilyich Levitan (1860 - 1900) - Russia (Kibarty)

现实主义, 现实主义

Isaac Ilyich Levitan (Russian: Исаа́к Ильи́ч Левита́н 30 August [O.S. 18 August] 1860 – 4 August [O.S. 22 July] 1900) was a classical Russian landscape painter who advanced the genre of the "mood landscape". Isaac Levitan was born in a shtetl of Kibarty, Augustów Governorate in Congress Poland, a part of the Russian Empire (present-day Lithuania) i......


Albert Bierstadt

Albert Bierstadt (1830 - 1902) - Germany (Solingen)

现实主义, 浪漫主义, Luminism, 哈德森 河学校

Albert Bierstadt (January 7, 1830 – February 18, 1902) was a German-American painter best known for his lavish, sweeping landscapes of the American West. To paint the scenes, Bierstadt joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion. Though not the first artist to record these sites, Bierstadt was the foremost painter of these scenes for the rema......


Giovanni Boldini

Giovanni Boldini (1842 - 1931) - Italy (Ferrera)

印象派, 现实主义, 学院派

Giovanni Boldini (31 December 1842 – 11 July 1931) was an Italian genre and portrait painter who lived and worked in Paris for most of his career. According to a 1933 article in Time magazine, he was known as the "Master of Swish" because of his flowing style of painting. Boldini was born in Ferrara, the son of a painter of religious subjects, and ......


Carl Larsson

Carl Larsson (1919 - 1919) - Sweden (Stockholm)

现实主义, 现实主义

Carl Larsson (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ ˈlɑːʂɔn] ( listen) 28 May 1853 – 22 January 1919) was a Swedish painter representative of the Arts and Crafts movement. His many paintings include oils, watercolors, and frescoes. He considered his finest work to be Midvinterblot (Midwinter Sacrifice), a large painting now displayed inside the Swedish Nat......


John Everett Millais

John Everett Millais (1829 - 1896) - United Kingdom (Southampton)

浪漫主义, 现实主义, 前拉斐尔派

Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Baronet, PRA (/ˈmɪleɪ/ 8 June 1829 – 13 August 1896) was an English painter and illustrator who was one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. He was a child prodigy who, aged eleven, became the youngest student to enter the Royal Academy Schools. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded at his family hom......


Diego Rivera

Diego Rivera (1886 - 1957) - Mexico (Guanajuato)

立体主义, 社会 现实主义, 社会现实主义, 装饰艺术, 天真艺术的原始主义, 现实主义, 新古典主义, 超现实主义

Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈdjeɣo riˈβeɾa] December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957) was a prominent Mexican painter. His large frescoes helped establish the Mexican mural movement in Mexican art. Between 1922 and 1953, Rivera paint......


Adolph Menzel

Adolph Menzel (1815 - 1905) - Poland (Breslau)

现实主义, 现实主义

Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (December 8, 1815 – February 9, 1905) was a German Realist artist noted for drawings, etchings, and paintings. Along with Caspar David Friedrich, he is considered one of the two most prominent German artists of the 19th century, and was the most successful artist of his era in Germany. First known as Adolph Menze......


George Wesley Bellows

George Wesley Bellows (1882 - 1925) - United States (Columbus)

现实主义, 现实主义

George Wesley Bellows (August 12 or August 19, 1882 – January 8, 1925) was an American realist painter, known for his bold depictions of urban life in New York City, becoming, according to the Columbus Museum of Art, "the most acclaimed American artist of his generation". George Wesley Bellows was born and raised in Columbus, Ohio. He was the only ......


Konstantin Somov

Konstantin Somov (1869 - 1939) - Russia (St. Petersburg)

现实主义, 新艺术

Konstantin Andreyevich Somov (Russian: Константин Андреевич Сомов, November 30, 1869 – May 6, 1939) was a Russian artist associated with the Mir iskusstva. Born into a family of a major art historian and Hermitage Museum curator Andrey Ivanovich Somov, he became interested in 18th-century art and music at an early age. Somov studied at the Imperial......


Valentin Alexandrovich Serov

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (1865 - 1911) - Russia (Saint Petersburg)

现实主义, 印象派, 新艺术

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (Russian: Валенти́н Алекса́ндрович Серо́в 19 January 1865 – 5 December 1911) was a Russian painter, and one of the premier portrait artists of his era. Serov was born in Saint Petersburg, son of the Russian composer and music critic Alexander Serov, and his wife and former student Valentina Serova also a composer in her......


Thomas Eakins

Thomas Eakins (1844 - 1916) - United States (Philadelphia)

现实主义, 现实主义

Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins (July 25, 1844 – June 25, 1916) was an American realist painter, photographer, sculptor, and fine arts educator. He is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important artists in American art history. For the length of his professional career, from the early 1870s until his health began to fail some 40 years later, Eak......


Honoré Daumier

Honoré Daumier (1808 - 1879) - France (Marseille)

现实主义, 现实主义

Honoré-Victorin Daumier (French: [ɔnɔʁe domje] February 26, 1808 – February 10, 1879) was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century. Daumier produced over 500 paintings, 4000 lithographs, 1000 wood engravings, 1000 drawings and 100 sculpture......


Akseli Gallen Kallela

Akseli Gallen Kallela (1865 - 1931) - Finland (Pori)

现实主义, 现实主义

Akseli Gallen-Kallela (26 April 1865 – 7 March 1931) was a Finnish painter who is best known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic (illustration, below). His work is considered very important for the Finnish national identity. He changed his name from Gallen to Gallen-Kallela in 1907. Gallen-Kallela was born Axel Waldemar......


Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann (1847 - 1935) - Germany (Berlin)

印象派, 现实主义

Max Liebermann (20 July 1847 – 8 February 1935) was a German-Jewish painter and printmaker, and one of the leading proponents of Impressionism in Germany. The son of a Jewish fabric manufacturer turned banker from Berlin, Liebermann grew up in an imposing town house alongside the Brandenburg Gate. He first studied law and philosophy at the Universi......


Mikhail Vrubel

Mikhail Vrubel (1856 - 1910) - Russia (Omsk)

拜占庭艺术, 现实主义

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel (Russian: Михаи́л Алекса́ндрович Вру́бель March 17, 1856 – April 14, 1910, all n.s.) is usually regarded amongst the Russian painters of the Symbolist movement and of Art Nouveau. In reality, he deliberately stood aloof from contemporary art trends, so that the origin of his unusual manner should be sought in Late Byza......


James Jacques Joseph Tissot

James Jacques Joseph Tissot (1836 - 1902) - France (Nantes)

现实主义, 印象派, 学院派

Jacques Joseph Tissot (French: [tiso] 15 October 1836 – 8 August 1902), Anglicized as James Tissot (/ˈtɪsoʊ/), was a French painter and illustrator. He was a successful painter of Paris society before moving to London in 1871. He became famous as a genre painter of fashionably dressed women shown in various scenes of everyday life. He also painted ......


Mikhail Nesterov

Mikhail Nesterov (1862 - 1942) - Russia (Ufa)

新艺术, 后印象派, 现实主义

Mikhail Vasilyevich Nesterov (Russian: Михаи́л Васи́льевич Не́стеров 31 May [O.S. 19 May] 1862, Ufa – 18 October 1942, Moscow) was a Russian and Soviet painter associated with the Peredvizhniki and Mir Iskusstva. He was one of the first exponents of Symbolist art in Russia. He was born to a strongly patriarchal merchant family. His father was a dra......


Albert Edelfelt

Albert Edelfelt (1854 - 1905) - Finland (Porvoo)

现实主义, 现实主义

Albert Gustaf Aristides Edelfelt (21 July 1854 – 18 August 1905) was a Finnish painter. He lived in the Grand Duchy of Finland and made Finnish culture visible abroad, before Finland gained full independence. Edelfelt was born in Porvoo, son of Carl Albert Edelfelt, an architect, and Alexandra Edelfelt, née Brandt. His parents were Swedish-speaking......


Lucian Freud

Lucian Freud (1922 - 2011) - Germany (Berlin)

超现实主义, 现实主义, 表现主义

Three Studies of Lucian Freud is a 1969 oil-on-canvas triptych by the Irish-born British painter Francis Bacon, depicting artist Lucian Freud. It was sold in November 2013 for US$142.4 million, which at the time was the highest price attained at auction for a work of art when not factoring in inflation. That record was surpassed in May 2015 by Vers......


Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky

Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky (1839 - 1915) - Russia (Moscow)

新古典主义, 浪漫主义, 现实主义

Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky (Russian: Константин Егорович Маковский June 20 [O.S. July 2] 1839 —September 17 [O.S. September 30] 1915) was an influential Russian painter, affiliated with the "Peredvizhniki (Wanderers)". Many of his historical paintings, such as Beneath the Crown (1889) also known as The Russian Bride's Attire and Before the Wedd......


Aleksandr Deyneka

Aleksandr Deyneka (1899 - 1969) - Russia (Kursk)

社会主义现实主义, 现实主义, 表现主义, 天真艺术的原始主义

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Deyneka (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Дейне́ка May 20, 1899 – June 12, 1969) was a Soviet Russian painter, graphic artist and sculptor, regarded as one of the most important Russian modernist figurative painters of the first half of the 20th century. His Collective Farmer on a Bicycle (1935) has been described as exem......


Pascal-Adolphe-Jean Dagnan-Bouveret

Pascal-Adolphe-Jean Dagnan-Bouveret (1852 - 1929) - France (Paris)

现实主义, 现实主义

Pascal-Adolphe-Jean Dagnan-Bouveret (January 7, 1852 – July 3, 1929), was one of the leading French artists of the naturalist school. He was born in Paris, the son of a tailor, and was raised by his grandfather after his father emigrated to Brazil. Later he added his grandfather's name, Bouveret, to his own. He became one of the leading French arti......


Alexey Venetsianov

Alexey Venetsianov (1780 - 1847) - Russia (Moscow)

现实主义, 浪漫主义

Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov (Russian: Алексей Гаврилович Венецианов 18 February 1780–4 January 1847) was a Russian painter, renowned for his paintings devoted to peasant life and ordinary people. Alexey Venetsianov was born into a merchant family of Greek descent in Moscow. He entered the civil service in the early 19th century and moved to St. ......


Philip Guston

Philip Guston (1913 - 1980) - Canada (Montreal)

抽象表现主义, 形而上的艺术, 社会 现实主义, 社会现实主义, 新表现, 表现主义

Philip Guston (pronounced like "rust"), born Phillip Goldstein (June 27, 1913 – June 7, 1980), was a painter and printmaker in the New York School, an art movement that included many abstract expressionists like Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning. In the late 1960s Guston helped to lead a transition from abstract expressionism to neo-expressioni......


Jose Clemente Orozco

Jose Clemente Orozco (1883 - 1949) - Mexico (Ciudad Guzmán)

表现主义, 现实主义, 社会现实主义

José Clemente Orozco (November 23, 1883 – September 7, 1949) was a Mexican painter, who specialized in political murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance together with murals by Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and others. Orozco was the most complex of the Mexican muralists, fond of the theme of human suffering, but less realisti......


Nikolaos Gyzis

Nikolaos Gyzis (1842 - 1901) - Greece (Tinos)

现实主义, 学院派, 新艺术, 浪漫主义

Nikolaos Gyzis (Greek: Νικόλαος Γύζης, Greek pronunciation: [ni.'ko.la.os 'ʝi.zis] 1 March 1842 – 4 January 1901) was considered one of Greece's most important 19th-century painters. He was most famous for his work Eros and the Painter, his first genre painting. It was auctioned in May 2006 at Bonhams in London, being last exhibited in Greece in 19......


Pyotr Konchalovsky

Pyotr Konchalovsky (1876 - 1956) - Russia (Kharkov)

野兽派, 立体主义, 现实主义, 后印象派, 社会主义现实主义, 新艺术

Pyotr Konchalovsky (Petr Petrovich Konchalovsky, Russian: Пётр Петро́вич Кончало́вский 21 February 1876 – 2 February 1956) was a Russian painter, a member of the Jack of Diamonds group. Pyotr Konchalovsky was born in the village of Slavianka, Kharkov gubernia (currently Ukraine) on 21 February 1876. His father was an art publisher. In 1889, the Kon......


Vasili Ivanovich Surikov

Vasili Ivanovich Surikov (1848 - 1916) - Russia (Krasnoyarsk)

现实主义, 现实主义

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian: Василий Иванович Суриков 24 January 1848, Krasnoyarsk - 19 March 1916, Moscow) was a Russian Realist history painter. Many of his works have become familiar to the general public through their use as illustrations. He was born to an old Don Cossack family that had settled in Siberia. His father was a Collegiate Re......


Henri Fantin Latour

Henri Fantin Latour (1836 - 1904) - France (Grenoble)

现实主义, 现实主义

Henri Fantin-Latour (14 January 1836 – 25 August 1904) was a French painter and lithographer best known for his flower paintings and group portraits of Parisian artists and writers. He was born Ignace Henri Jean Théodore Fantin-Latour in Grenoble, Isère. As a youth, he received drawing lessons from his father, who was an artist. In 1850 he entered ......


Anders Leonard Zorn

Anders Leonard Zorn (1860 - 1920) - Sweden (Mora)

印象派, 现实主义

Anders Leonard Zorn (Swedish pronunciation: [²anːdɛʂ ˈsoːɳ] ( listen) 18 February 1860 – 22 August 1920) was one of Sweden's foremost artists. He obtained international success as a painter, sculptor, and etcher. Among Zorn's portrait subjects were King Oscar II of Sweden, and three American Presidents, Grover Cleveland, William H. Taft, and Theodo......


Theodore Robinson

Theodore Robinson (1852 - 1896) - United States (Irasburg)

现实主义, 印象派

Theodore Robinson (June 3, 1852 – April 2, 1896) was an American painter best known for his Impressionist landscapes. He was one of the first American artists to take up Impressionism in the late 1880s, visiting Giverny and developing a close friendship with Claude Monet. Several of his works are considered masterpieces of American Impressionism. R......


Vasily Polenov

Vasily Polenov (1844 - 1927) - Russia (St. Petersburg)

现实主义, 现实主义

Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov (Russian: Васи́лий Дми́триевич Поле́нов 1 June 1844 – 18 July 1927) was a Russian landscape painter associated with the Peredvizhniki movement of realist artists. His contemporaries would call him the “Knight of Beauty” as he embodied both european and russian traditions of painting. His vision of life was summarized as f......


Jean-François Raffaelli

Jean-François Raffaelli (1850 - 1924) - France (Paris)

现实主义, 现实主义

Jean-François Raffaëlli (April 20, 1850 – February 11, 1924) was a French realist painter, sculptor, and printmaker who exhibited with the Impressionists. He was also active as an actor and writer. Born in Paris, he was of Tuscan descent through his paternal grandparents. He showed an interest in music and theatre before becoming a painter in 1870.......


Vasily Grigoryevich Perov

Vasily Grigoryevich Perov (1833 - 1882) - Russia (Tobolsk)

现实主义, 现实主义

Vasily Grigorevich Perov (Russian: Васи́лий Григо́рьевич Перо́в 2 January 1834 (21 December 1833 O.S.) – 10 June (29 May O.S.) 1882) was a Russian painter, a key figure of the Russian Realist movement and one of the founding members of Peredvizhniki. Vasily Perov was born on 2 January 1834 (21 December 1833 Old Style) in Tobolsk, Tobolsk Governorat......


Frank Duveneck

Frank Duveneck (1848 - 1919) - United States (Covington)

现实主义, 现实主义

Frank Duveneck (October 9, 1848 – January 3, 1919) was an American figure and portrait painter. Duveneck was born in Covington, Kentucky, the son of German immigrant Bernhard Decker. Decker died in a cholera epidemic when Frank was only a year old and his widow remarried Joseph Duveneck. By the age of fifteen Frank had begun the study of art under ......


Theo Van Doesburg

Theo Van Doesburg (1883 - 1931) - Netherlands (Utrecht)

表现主义, 立体主义, 新艺术, 现实主义

Theo van Doesburg (Dutch: [ˈteːjoː vɑn ˈduzbɵrx], 30 August 1883 – 7 March 1931) was a Dutch artist, who practiced painting, writing, poetry and architecture. He is best known as the founder and leader of De Stijl. He was married to artist, pianist and choreographer Nelly van Doesburg. Theo van Doesburg was born Christian Emil Marie Küpper on 30 Au......


Raimundo De Madrazo Y Garreta

Raimundo De Madrazo Y Garreta (1841 - 1920) - Italy (Rome)

现实主义, 现实主义

Raimundo de Madrazo y Garreta (24 July 1841 - 15 September 1920) was a Spanish painter from the Madrazo family of artists who worked in the Realistic style although his later work shows signs of Rococo and Japanese influence. He was known primarily for his portraits. His grandfather was José de Madrazo, his father was the portrait painter, Federico......


Pavel Filonov

Pavel Filonov (1883 - 1941) - Russia (Moscow)

天真艺术的原始主义, 新艺术, 现实主义

Pavel Nikolayevich Filonov (Russian: Па́вел Никола́евич Фило́нов, IPA: [ˈpavʲɪl nʲɪkɐˈlajɪvʲɪtɕ fʲɪˈlonəf] ( listen) January 8, 1883 – December 3, 1941) was a Russian avant-garde painter, art theorist, and poet. Filonov was born in Moscow on January 8, 1883 (Gregorian calendar) or December 27, 1882 (Julian calendar). In 1897, he moved to St. Peters......


Konstantinos Volanakis

Konstantinos Volanakis (1837 - 1907) - Greece (Heraklion)

现实主义, 印象派

Konstantinos Volanakis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Βολανάκης 1837, Heraklion - 29 June 1907, Piraeus) was a Greek painter who became known as the "father of Greek seascape painting". His parents came from a small village near Rethymno. Later, they moved again for business reasons, and he completed his basic education on Syros in 1856. Afterward, urged on ......


Eric Fischl

Eric Fischl United States (New York City)

新表现, 现实主义

Eric Fischl (born March 9, 1948) is an American painter, sculptor, printmaker, draughtsman and educator. He is known for his paintings of depictions of American suburbia from the 1970s and 1980s. Fischl was born in New York City and grew up on suburban Long Island his family moved to Phoenix, Arizona, in 1967. His art education began at Phoenix Col......


Franz Seraph Von Lenbach

Franz Seraph Von Lenbach (1836 - 1904) - Germany (Schrobrnhausen)

现实主义, 现实主义

Franz Seraph Lenbach, after 1882, Ritter von Lenbach (13 December 1836, Schrobenhausen - 6 May 1904, Munich) was a German painter known primary for his portraits of prominent personalities from the nobility, the arts, and industry. Because of his standing in society, he was often referred to as the "Malerfürst" (Painter Prince). His father was a Ma......


Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov

Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov (1844 - 1927) -

现实主义, 新艺术

Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov (Russian: Васи́лий Дми́триевич Поле́нов 1 June 1844 – 18 July 1927) was a Russian landscape painter associated with the Peredvizhniki movement of realist artists. His contemporaries would call him the “Knight of Beauty” as he embodied both european and russian traditions of painting. His vision of life was summarized as f......


Martiros Saryan

Martiros Saryan (1880 - 1972) - Russia (Nakhichevan-On-Don)

天真艺术的原始主义, 表现主义, 社会主义现实主义, 现实主义

Martiros Saryan (Armenian: Մարտիրոս Սարյան Russian: Мартиро́с Сарья́н 28 February [O.S. 16 February] 1880 – 5 May 1972) was an Armenian painter, the founder of a modern Armenian national school of painting. He was born into an Armenian family in Nakhichevan-on-Don (now part of Rostov-on-Don, Russia). In 1895, aged 15, he completed the Nakhichevan s......


Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar

Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar (1871 - 1960) - Hungary (Budapest)

后印象派, 社会主义现实主义, 现实主义, 新艺术, Neoplasticism

Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar (Russian: Игорь Эммануилович Грабарь, 25 March 1871 in Budapest – 16 May 1960 in Moscow) was a Russian post-impressionist painter, publisher, restorer and historian of art. Grabar, descendant of a wealthy Rusyn family, was trained as a painter by Ilya Repin in Saint Petersburg and by Anton Ažbe in Munich. He reached his pe......


David Davidovich Burliuk

David Davidovich Burliuk (1882 - 1967) -

后印象派, 天真艺术的原始主义, 未来主义, 摘要 艺术, 抽象艺术的, 现实主义, 超现实主义, 野兽派, 立方未来主义

David Davidovich Burliuk (Ukrainian: Дави́д Дави́дович Бурлю́к 21 July 1882 – 15 January 1967) was a Ukrainian Futurist, Neo-Primitivist, book illustrator, publicist, and author associated with Russian Futurism. Burliuk is often described as "the father of Russian Futurism." David Burliuk was born in 1882 in Semyrotivka near the village of Riabushk......


Vasily Perov

Vasily Perov (1833 - 1882) - Russia (Tobolsk)

现实主义, 现实主义

Vasily Grigorevich Perov (Russian: Васи́лий Григо́рьевич Перо́в 2 January 1834 (21 December 1833 O.S.) – 10 June (29 May O.S.) 1882) was a Russian painter, a key figure of the Russian Realist movement and one of the founding members of Peredvizhniki. Vasily Perov was born on 2 January 1834 (21 December 1833 Old Style) in Tobolsk, Tobolsk Governorat......


Vladimir Yegorovich Makovsky

Vladimir Yegorovich Makovsky (1846 - 1920) - Russia

现实主义, 现实主义

Vladimir Yegorovich Makovsky (Russian: Влади́мир Его́рович Мако́вский 26 January (greg.: 7 February) 1846, Moscow - 21 February 1920, Petrograd) was a Russian painter, art collector, and teacher. Makovsky was the son of collector, Yegor Ivanovich Makovsky, who was one of the founders of the Moscow Art School. Vladimir had two brothers, Nikolay Mako......


Fyodor Alexandrovich Vasilyev

Fyodor Alexandrovich Vasilyev (1850 - 1873) - Russia (Gatchina)

现实主义, 现实主义

Fyodor Alexandrovich Vasilyev (Russian: Фёдор Александрович Васильев, 1850 – 1873) was a Russian landscape painter who introduced the lyrical landscape style in Russian art. Fyodor Vasilyev was born in Gatchina to a low-level government official, Alexander Vasilyevich Vasilyev, and Olga Emelyanova Polyntseva on 22 February N.S. 1850. His parents ma......


Nikolai Ge

Nikolai Ge (1831 - 1894) - Russia (Voronezh)

学院派, 表现主义, 浪漫主义, 现实主义

Nikolai Nikolaevich Ge (from his French ancestral surname "De Gay") (Russian: Николай Николаевич Ге 27 February [O.S. 15 February] 1831 – 13 June [O.S. 1 June] 1894) was a Russian realist painter and an early Russian symbolist. He was famous for his works on historical and religious motifs. Nikolai Ge was born in Voronezh to a Russian noble family ......


Jules Bastien Lepage

Jules Bastien Lepage (1848 - 1884) - France (Damvillers)

现实主义, 现实主义

Jules Bastien-Lepage (1 November 1848 – 10 December 1884) was a French painter closely associated with the beginning of naturalism, an artistic style that emerged from the later phase of the Realist movement. Bastien-Lepage was born in the village of Damvillers, Meuse, and spent his childhood there. Bastien's father grew grapes in a vineyard to sup......


George Clausen

George Clausen (1852 - 1944) - United Kingdom (London)

现实主义, 现实主义

Sir George Clausen RA (18 April 1852 – 22 November 1944), was an English artist working in oil and watercolour, etching, mezzotint, dry point and occasionally lithographs. He was knighted in 1927. George Clausen was born in London on 18 April 1852, the son of a decorative artist of Danish descent. From 1867 to 1873, he attended the design classes a......


Konstantin Yuon

Konstantin Yuon (1875 - 1958) - Russia (Moscow)

新艺术, 后印象派, 社会主义现实主义

Konstantin Fyodorovich Yuon or Juon (Russian: Константи́н Фёдорович Юо́н October 24 [O.S. October 12] 1875 – April 11, 1958) was a noted Russian painter and theatre designer associated with the Mir Iskusstva. Later, he co-founded the Union of Russian Artists and the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. Yuon was born in Moscow to the fami......


Charles Amable Lenoir

Charles Amable Lenoir (1860 - 1926) - France (Châtelaillon-Plage)

现实主义, 现实主义

Charles-Amable Lenoir (22 October 1860 – 1926) was a French painter. Like his mentor, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, he was an academic painter and painted realistic portraits as well as mythological and religious scenes. His artistic career was so prestigious that he won the Prix de Rome twice and was awarded the Légion d'honneur. Lenoir was born in ......


Konstantin Fyodorovich Bogaevsky

Konstantin Fyodorovich Bogaevsky (1872 - 1943) - Ukraine (Crimean)

现实主义, 学院派

Konstantin Fyodorovich Bogaevsky (Russian: Константин Фёдорович Богаевский, 24 January [O.S. 12 January] 1872 - 17 February 1943) was a Russian painter notable for his Symbolist landscapes. Konstantin Bogaevsky was born in the Eastern Crimean city of Feodosia to an old Italian-German family of the Genoese extraction on 24 January [O.S. 12 January] ......


Ioannis Altamouras

Ioannis Altamouras (1852 - 1878) - Italy (Florenceor Naples)

现实主义, 现实主义

Ioannis Altamouras (Greek: Ιωάννης Αλταμούρας) (Florence or Naples, 1852 – Spetses, 1878) was an outstanding Greek painter of the 19th century famous for his paintings of seascapes. Altamouras father was the Italian painter Francesco Saverio Altamura and his mother was the aristocrat and first Greek female painter from Spetses Eleni Boukoura-Altamo......


Grigoriy Myasoyedov

Grigoriy Myasoyedov (1834 - 1911) - Russia (Pankovo)

现实主义, 现实主义

Grigoriy Grigorievich Myasoyedov (Russian: Григорий Григорьевич Мясоедов 19 April 1834, Pankovo, Tula Governorate – 31 December 1911, Poltava) was a Russian Realist painter associated with the Peredvizhniki movement. His father was a member of the minor gentry, and was the author of a book titled The Statistical Economic Review of the Southern Part......


Georgios Jakobides

Georgios Jakobides (1853 - 1932) - Turkey (Lesbos)

现实主义, 现实主义

Georgios Jakobides (Γεώργιος Ιακωβίδης 11 January 1853 – 13 December 1932) was a painter and one of the main representatives of the Greek artistic movement of the Munich School. He founded and was the first curator of the National Gallery of Greece in Athens. He was born in Chidira, Lesbos, Ottoman Empire. At the age of 13, he traveled to Smyrna to......


Mikhail Lebedev

Mikhail Lebedev (1811 - 1837) - Estonia (Tartu)

现实主义, 现实主义

Mikhail Ivanovich Lebedev (Russian: Михаил Иванович Лебедев) (4 November 1811 – 13 July 1837) was a Russian painter. Lebedev was born in Tartu into the family of an impoverished serf. In the 1820s, serfdom was abolished in his region and the young Lebedev got an opportunity to study at a nearby school. His artistic endeavours attracted the attentio......


Sergey Solomko

Sergey Solomko (1867 - 1928) - Russia (Saint Petersburg)

新艺术, 现实主义

Sergey Sergeyevich Solomko (Russian: Сергей Сергеевич Соломко (22 August 1867, Saint Petersburg — 2 February 1928, Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois) was a Russian painter, watercolorist, illustrator and designer. He was the son of Colonel (later, Major-General) Sergey Solomko (1835-1897), who was employed in the service of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevi......


Everett Shinn

Everett Shinn (1876 - 1953) - United States (Woodstown)

现实主义, 现实主义

Everett Shinn (November 6, 1876 – May 1, 1953) was an American realist painter and member of the Ashcan School. He also exhibited with the short-lived group known as "The Eight," who protested the restrictive exhibition policies of the powerful, conservative National Academy of Design. He is best known for his robust paintings of urban life in New ......


Jamie Wyeth

Jamie Wyeth United States (Wilmington)

现实主义, 现实主义

James Browning Wyeth (born July 6, 1946) is a contemporary American realist painter, son of Andrew Wyeth, and grandson of N.C. Wyeth. He was raised in Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania, and is artistic heir to the Brandywine School tradition - painters who worked in the rural Brandywine River area of Delaware and Pennsylvania, portraying its peopl......


Eugène Joseph Verboeckhoven

Eugène Joseph Verboeckhoven (1798 - 1881) - Belgium (Warneton)

现实主义, 现实主义

Eugène Joseph Verboeckhoven (9 June 1798 – 19 January 1881), a Belgian painter, was born at Warneton in West Flanders. He was a painter, a sculptor, an etcher, an engraver, and a lithographer of animals, animated landscapes, and portraits. Eugène Verboeckhoven studied under his father, Barthélemy Verboeckhoven, a sculptor. In 1816 he worked under V......


Nikolaos Lytras

Nikolaos Lytras (1883 - 1927) - Greece (Athens)

表现主义, 现实主义

Nikolaos Lytras (Greek: Νικόλαος Λύτρας Athens, 2 May 1883 - December 1927) was a Greek modernist painter who specialized in portraits, still-lifes and landscapes. He studied painting at the Athens School of Fine Arts from 1902 to 1906, where he was taught by his father, Nikiforos Lytras, and also by Georgios Jakobides. After that, he transferred t......


Pavel Fedotov

Pavel Fedotov (1815 - 1852) -

现实主义, 现实主义

Pavel Andreyevich Fedotov (Russian: Павел Андреевич Федотов 1815 – 1852) was an amateur Russian painter known as a Russian Hogarth. He was only 37 years old when he died in a mental clinic. Fedotov was an officer of the Imperial Guards of Saint Petersburg. Like many of his colleagues at the time, he was interested in arts. He played the flute and a......


Gunnar Berndtson

Gunnar Berndtson (1854 - 1895) - Finland

现实主义, 现实主义

Gunnar Fredrik Berndtson (24 October 1854, Helsinki – 9 April 1895, Helsinki) was a Finnish painter who was noted for his attention to realistic detail. His father was Fredrik Berndtson (fi), a well-known author, journalist and poet. He began his higher studies at the Polytechnic Institute (now the Helsinki University of Technology). Since 1869, ho......


Will Barnet

Will Barnet (1911 - 2012) - United States (Beverly)

社会现实主义, 表现主义, 社会 现实主义, 超现实主义, 天真艺术的原始主义, 现实主义

Will Barnet (May 25, 1911 – November 13, 2012) was an American artist known for his paintings, watercolors, drawings, and prints depicting the human figure and animals, both in casual scenes of daily life and in transcendent dreamlike worlds. Born in 1911 in Beverly, Massachusetts, Barnet knew by the age of ten that he wanted to be an artist. As a ......




Arkhip Ivanovich Kuinji

Arkhip Ivanovich Kuinji (1842 - 1910) - Russia (Mariupol)

现实主义, 现实主义


Frederick Walker

Frederick Walker (1840 - 1875) - United Kingdom (London)

现实主义, 现实主义

Frederick Walker ARA RWS (London 26 May 1840 – 4 June 1875 St Fillans) was a British social realist painter and illustrator described by Sir John Everett Millais as "the greatest artist of the century". Walker was born at 90 Great Titchfield Street, Marylebone in London, the elder of twins and the 5th son of William Henry, Jeweller, and Ann (née Po......


Léon Augustin L'hermitte

Léon Augustin L'hermitte (1844 - 1925) - France (Mont-Saint-Père)

现实主义, 现实主义


Vasily Vasilevich Vereshchagin

Vasily Vasilevich Vereshchagin (1842 - 1904) - Russia (Cherepovets)

现实主义, 现实主义




Peder Mork Monsted

Peder Mork Monsted (1859 - 1941) - Denmark (Balle Mølle)

现实主义, 现实主义













Vasily Vasilievich Vereschagin

Vasily Vasilievich Vereschagin -

现实主义, 现实主义


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