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Vincent Van Gogh

Vincent Van Gogh (1853 - 1890) - Netherlands (Zundert)

后印象派, 现实主义, 印象派, 分隔主义

This article refers to portraits of Vincent Van Gogh (1853–1890). It includes self-portraits, portraits of him by other artists, and photographs, one of which is dubious. Van Gogh's dozens of self-portraits were an important part of his oeuvre as a painter. Most probably, van Gogh's self-portraits are depicting the face as it appeared in the mirror......


Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali (1938 - 1989) - Spain (Figueres)

超现实主义, 后印象派, 立体主义, 年超现实主义, Verism, 抽象艺术的, 表现主义

Salvador Dalí, all'anagrafe Salvador Domènec Felip Jacint Dalí i Domènech, 1º marchese di Dalí de Púbol (IPA: [səɫβəˈðo duˈmɛnək fəˈlip ʒəˈsin ðəˈɫi i duˈmɛnək]) (Figueres, 11 maggio 1904 – Figueres, 23 gennaio 1989), è stato un pittore, scultore, scrittore, fotografo, cineasta, designer e sceneggiatore spagnolo. Dalí fu un pittore abile e virtuosi......


Claude Monet

Claude Monet (1840 - 1926) - France (Paris)

印象派, 现实主义

Oscar-Claude Monet (/moʊˈneɪ/ French: [klod mɔnɛ] 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a French painter, a founder of French Impressionist painting and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting. The term "Impressi......


Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841 - 1919) - France (Limoges)

印象派, 现实主义

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (/ˈrɛnwɑːr, rənˈwɑːr/ French: [pjɛʁ oɡyst ʁənwaʁ] 25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty and especially feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final represent......


Paul Cezanne

Paul Cezanne (1839 - 1906) - France (Aix-En-Provence)

后印象派, 立体主义, 浪漫主义

Paul Cézanne (US: /seɪˈzæn/ or UK: /sɪˈzæn/ French: [pɔl sezan] 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Cézanne's often repetitive, e......


Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin (1848 - 1903) - France (Paris)

后印象派, 分隔主义

Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (UK: /ˈɡoʊɡæ̃/, US: /ɡoʊˈɡæ̃/ French: [øʒɛn ɑ̃ʁi pɔl ɡoɡɛ̃] 7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a French post-Impressionist artist. Unappreciated until after his death, Gauguin is now recognized for his experimental use of color and Synthetist style that were distinctly different from Impressionism. Towards the end of his life h......


Edouard Manet

Edouard Manet (1832 - 1883) - France (Paris)

印象派, 现实主义

Édouard Manet (US: /mæˈneɪ, mə-/ UK: /ˈmæneɪ/ French: [edwaʁ manɛ] 23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. Born into an upper-class household with strong political connections, Manet rejected the fu......


Piet Mondrian

Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) - Netherlands (Amersfoort)

后印象派, Neoplasticism, 野兽派, 立体主义, 现代主义

Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan, after 1906 Piet Mondrian (/ˈmɔːndriˌɑːn, ˈmɒn-/ Dutch: [ˈpit ˈmɔndrijaːn], later [ˈmɔndrijɑn] 7 March 1872 – 1 February 1944), was a Dutch painter and theoretician who is regarded as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century. He is known for being one of the pioneers of 20th century abstract art, as he changed his a......


Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp (1887 - 1968) - France (Blainville-Crevon)

天真艺术的原始主义, 表现主义, 概念艺术, 后印象派, 超现实主义, 野兽派, 立体主义

Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp (French: [maʁsɛl dyʃɑ̃] 28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player, and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, conceptual art, and Dada, although he was careful about his use of the term Dada and was not directly associated with Dada groups. Duchamp is commonly regarded, al......


Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas (1834 - 1917) - France (Paris)

印象派, 新古典主义, 野兽派, 现实主义

Edgar Degas (US: /deɪˈɡɑː/ or UK: /ˈdeɪɡɑː/ born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas, French: [ilɛːʁ ʒɛʁmɛ̃ ɛdɡaʁ də ɡɑ] 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance more than half of his works depict dancers. He is regarded as one of......


Georges Pierre Seurat

Georges Pierre Seurat (1859 - 1891) - France (Paris)

后印象派, 新古典主义, 印象派

Georges-Pierre Seurat (French: [ʒɔʁʒ pjɛʁ sœʁa] 2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891) was a French post-Impressionist painter and draftsman. He is noted for his innovative use of drawing media and for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism. Seurat's artistic personality was compounded of qualities which are usually su......


Rene Magritte

Rene Magritte (1898 - 1967) - Belgium (Lessines)

超现实主义, 装饰艺术, 年超现实主义, 后印象派, 立体主义

René François Ghislain Magritte (French: [ʁəne fʁɑ̃swa ɡilɛ̃ maɡʁit] 21 November 1898 – 15 August 1967) was a Belgian surrealist artist. He became well known for creating a number of witty and thought-provoking images. Often depicting ordinary objects in an unusual context, his work is known for challenging observers' preconditioned perceptions of ......


Franz Marc

Franz Marc (1912 - 1916) - Germany (Munich)

后印象派, 表现主义, 立体主义, 现实主义

Franz Marc (February 8, 1880 – March 4, 1916) was a German painter and printmaker, one of the key figures of German Expressionism. He was a founding member of Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), a journal whose name later became synonymous with the circle of artists collaborating in it. Franz Marc was born in 1880 in Munich, then the capital of the ......


John Singer Sargent

John Singer Sargent (1856 - 1925) - Italy (Florence)

印象派, 现实主义

John Singer Sargent (/ˈsɑːrdʒənt/ January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was an American artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury. During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His oeuvre ......


Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro (1830 - 1903) - United States (Charlotte Amalie)

印象派, 现实主义, 后印象派

Camille Pissarro (French: [kamij pisaʁo] 10 July 1830 – 13 November 1903) was a Danish-French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter born on the island of St Thomas (now in the US Virgin Islands, but then in the Danish West Indies). His importance resides in his contributions to both Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. Pissarro studied from ......


Eugène Louis Boudin

Eugène Louis Boudin (1824 - 1898) - France (Honfleur)

印象派, 现实主义

Eugène Louis Boudin (French: [budɛ̃] 12 July 1824 – 8 August 1898) was one of the first French landscape painters to paint outdoors. Boudin was a marine painter, and expert in the rendering of all that goes upon the sea and along its shores. His pastels, summary and economic, garnered the splendid eulogy of Baudelaire and Corot called him the "king......


Odilon Redon

Odilon Redon (1840 - 1916) - France (Bordeaux)

后印象派, 新艺术, 天真艺术的原始主义, 现实主义

Odilon Redon (born Bertrand Redon French: [ʁədɔ̃] April 20, 1840 – July 6, 1916) was a French symbolist painter, printmaker, draughtsman and pastellist. Odilon Redon was born in Bordeaux, Aquitaine, to a prosperous family. The young Bertrand Redon acquired the nickname "Odilon" from his mother, Odile. Redon started drawing as a child and, at the ag......


Henri De Toulouse Lautrec

Henri De Toulouse Lautrec (1864 - 1901) - France (Albi)

后印象派, 新艺术

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901), also known as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French: [ɑ̃ʁi də tuluz lotʁɛk]), was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman, caricaturist, and illustrator whose immersion in the colourful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 19th century allowed him to produce a co......


Ferdinand Hodler

Ferdinand Hodler (1853 - 1918) - Switzerland (Bern)

新艺术, 后印象派, 天真艺术的原始主义, 文艺复兴, 浪漫主义

Ferdinand Hodler (March 14, 1853 – May 19, 1918) was one of the best-known Swiss painters of the nineteenth century.His early works were portraits, landscapes, and genre paintings in a realistic style. Later, he adopted a personal form of symbolism he called "parallelism". Hodler was born in Bern, the eldest of six children. His father, Jean Hodler......


Giovanni Boldini

Giovanni Boldini (1842 - 1931) - Italy (Ferrera)

印象派, 现实主义, 学院派

Giovanni Boldini (31 December 1842 – 11 July 1931) was an Italian genre and portrait painter who lived and worked in Paris for most of his career. According to a 1933 article in Time magazine, he was known as the "Master of Swish" because of his flowing style of painting. Boldini was born in Ferrara, the son of a painter of religious subjects, and ......


Jean Edouard Vuillard

Jean Edouard Vuillard (1868 - 1940) - France (Cuiseaux)

后印象派, 分隔主义

Jean-Édouard Vuillard (French: [vɥijaʁ] 11 November 1868 – 21 June 1940) was a French painter and printmaker associated with the Nabis. Jean-Édouard Vuillard was born on 11 November 1868 in Cuiseaux (Saône-et-Loire), where he spent his youth in 1878 his family moved to Paris. Vuillard's father, a retired army captain, was 27 years older than his mo......


Zinaida Serebriakova

Zinaida Serebriakova (1884 - 1967) - Ukraine (Neskuchnoye Estate)

印象派, 印象派

Zinaida Yevgenyevna Serebriakova (née Lanceray) (Russian: Зинаи́да Евге́ньевна Серебряко́ва, 12 December [O.S. 30 November] 1884 – 19 September 1967) was a Russian (later French) painter. Zinaida Serebriakova was born on the estate of Neskuchnoye near Kharkov (now Kharkiv, Ukraine) into one of the most refined and artistic families in the Russian E......


Felix Vallotton

Felix Vallotton (1865 - 1925) - Switzerland (Lanne)

分隔主义, 现实主义, 后印象派, 新艺术

Félix Edouard Vallotton (December 28, 1865 – December 29, 1925) was a Swiss/French painter and printmaker associated with the collective known as Les Nabis. He was an important figure in the development of the modern woodcut. Vallotton was born into a conservative middle-class family in Lausanne, and there he attended Collège Cantonal, graduating w......


Paul Signac

Paul Signac (1863 - 1935) - France (Paris)

后印象派, 后印象派

Paul Victor Jules Signac (French: [pɔl siɲak] 11 November 1863 – 15 August 1935) was a French Neo-Impressionist painter who, working with Georges Seurat, helped develop the Pointillist style. Paul Signac was born in Paris on 11 November 1863. He followed a course of training in architecture before deciding at the age of 18 to pursue a career as a p......


Berthe Morisot

Berthe Morisot (1841 - 1895) - France (Bourges)

印象派, 印象派

Berthe Marie Pauline Morisot (French: [mɔʁizo] January 14, 1841 – March 2, 1895) was a painter and a member of the circle of painters in Paris who became known as the Impressionists. She was described by Gustave Geffroy in 1894 as one of "les trois grandes dames" of Impressionism alongside Marie Bracquemond and Mary Cassatt. In 1864, she exhibited ......


Jean Baptiste Armand Guillaumin

Jean Baptiste Armand Guillaumin (1841 - 1927) - France (Paris)

印象派, 印象派

Armand Guillaumin (French: [ɡijomɛ̃] February 16, 1841 – June 26, 1927) was a French impressionist painter and lithographer. Born Jean-Baptiste Armand Guillaumin in Paris, he worked at his uncle's lingerie shop while attending evening drawing lessons. He also worked for a French government railway before studying at the Académie Suisse in 1861. The......


André Derain

André Derain (1880 - 1954) - France (Chatou)

表现主义, 天真艺术的原始主义, 立体主义, 野兽派, 后印象派

André Derain (French: [dəʁɛ̃] 10 June 1880 – 8 September 1954) was a French artist, painter, sculptor and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse. Derain was born in 1880 in Chatou, Yvelines, Île-de-France, just outside Paris. In 1895 Derain began to study on his own, contrary to claims that meeting Vlaminck or Matisse began his efforts to paint, ......


Paul Delvaux

Paul Delvaux (1897 - 1994) - Belgium (Wanze)

超现实主义, 年超现实主义, 后印象派

Paul Delvaux (French: [dɛlvo] 23 September 1897 – 20 July 1994) was a Belgian painter famous for his paintings of female nudes. He was influenced by the works of Giorgio de Chirico, and was also briefly associated with surrealism. Delvaux was born in Wanze in the Belgian province of Liège, the son of a lawyer. The young Delvaux took music lessons, ......


Frederick Childe Hassam

Frederick Childe Hassam (1859 - 1935) - United States (Boston)

印象派, 印象派

Frederick Childe Hassam (October 17, 1859 – August 27, 1935) was an American Impressionist painter, noted for his urban and coastal scenes. Along with Mary Cassatt and John Henry Twachtman, Hassam was instrumental in promulgating Impressionism to American collectors, dealers, and museums. He produced over 3,000 paintings, oils, watercolors, etching......


Raoul Dufy

Raoul Dufy (1877 - 1953) - France (Le Havre)

天真艺术的原始主义, 野兽派, 后印象派, 立体主义

Raoul Dufy (French: [ʁa.ul dy.fi] 3 June 1877 – 23 March 1953) was a French Fauvist painter, brother of Jean Dufy. He developed a colorful, decorative style that became fashionable for designs of ceramics and textiles, as well as decorative schemes for public buildings. He is noted for scenes of open-air social events. He was also a draftsman, prin......


William Merritt Chase

William Merritt Chase (1849 - 1916) - United States (Nineveh)

印象派, 印象派

William Merritt Chase (November 1, 1849 – October 25, 1916) was an American painter, known as an exponent of Impressionism and as a teacher. He is also responsible for establishing the Chase School, which later would become Parsons School of Design. William Merritt Chase was born on November 1, 1849, in Williamsburg (now Nineveh), Indiana, to the f......


Maximilien Luce

Maximilien Luce (1858 - 1941) - France (Paris)

后印象派, 后印象派

Maximilien Luce (13 March 1858 – 6 February 1941) was a prolific French Neo-impressionist artist, known for his paintings, illustrations, engravings, and graphic art, and also for his anarchist activism. Starting as an engraver, he then concentrated on painting, first as an Impressionist, then as a Pointillist, and finally returning to Impressionis......


Valentin Alexandrovich Serov

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (1865 - 1911) - Russia (Saint Petersburg)

现实主义, 印象派, 新艺术

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (Russian: Валенти́н Алекса́ндрович Серо́в 19 January 1865 – 5 December 1911) was a Russian painter, and one of the premier portrait artists of his era. Serov was born in Saint Petersburg, son of the Russian composer and music critic Alexander Serov, and his wife and former student Valentina Serova also a composer in her......


Maurice Brazil Prendergast

Maurice Brazil Prendergast (1858 - 1924) - Canada (St. John's)

后印象派, 天真艺术的原始主义

Maurice Brazil Prendergast (October 10, 1858 – February 1, 1924) was an American Post-Impressionist artist who worked in oil, watercolor, and monotype. He exhibited as a member of The Eight, though the delicacy of his compositions and mosaic-like beauty of his style differed from the artistic intentions and philosophy of the group. Maurice Prenderg......


Alfred Sisley

Alfred Sisley (1839 - 1899) - France (Paris)

印象派, 后印象派, 现实主义

Alfred Sisley (/ˈsɪsli/ French: [sislɛ] 30 October 1839 – 29 January 1899) was an Impressionist landscape painter who was born and spent most of his life in France, but retained British citizenship. He was the most consistent of the Impressionists in his dedication to painting landscape en plein air (i.e., outdoors). He deviated into figure paintin......


Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann (1847 - 1935) - Germany (Berlin)

印象派, 现实主义

Max Liebermann (20 July 1847 – 8 February 1935) was a German-Jewish painter and printmaker, and one of the leading proponents of Impressionism in Germany. The son of a Jewish fabric manufacturer turned banker from Berlin, Liebermann grew up in an imposing town house alongside the Brandenburg Gate. He first studied law and philosophy at the Universi......


James Jacques Joseph Tissot

James Jacques Joseph Tissot (1836 - 1902) - France (Nantes)

现实主义, 印象派, 学院派

Jacques Joseph Tissot (French: [tiso] 15 October 1836 – 8 August 1902), Anglicized as James Tissot (/ˈtɪsoʊ/), was a French painter and illustrator. He was a successful painter of Paris society before moving to London in 1871. He became famous as a genre painter of fashionably dressed women shown in various scenes of everyday life. He also painted ......


Paul Serusier

Paul Serusier (1864 - 1927) - France (Paris)

综合主义, 后印象派, 分隔主义, 现实主义

Paul Sérusier (9 November 1864 – 7 October 1927) was a French painter who was a pioneer of abstract art and an inspiration for the avant-garde Nabis movement, Synthetism and Cloisonnism. Sérusier was born in Paris. He studied at the Académie Julian and was a monitor there in the mid-1880s. In the summer of 1888 he travelled to Pont-Aven and joined ......


Moise Kisling

Moise Kisling (1891 - 1953) - Croatia (Kraków)

后印象派, 后印象派

Moïse Kisling, born Mojżesz Kisling (January 22, 1891 – April 29, 1953), was a Polish-born French painter. He moved to Paris in 1910 at the age of 19, and became a French citizen in 1915, after serving and being wounded with the French Foreign Legion in World War I. He emigrated to the United States in 1940, after the fall of France, and returned t......


Mikhail Nesterov

Mikhail Nesterov (1862 - 1942) - Russia (Ufa)

新艺术, 后印象派, 现实主义

Mikhail Vasilyevich Nesterov (Russian: Михаи́л Васи́льевич Не́стеров 31 May [O.S. 19 May] 1862, Ufa – 18 October 1942, Moscow) was a Russian and Soviet painter associated with the Peredvizhniki and Mir Iskusstva. He was one of the first exponents of Symbolist art in Russia. He was born to a strongly patriarchal merchant family. His father was a dra......


Henri Edmond Cross

Henri Edmond Cross (1856 - 1910) - France (Douai)

后印象派, 后印象派

Henri-Edmond Cross, born Henri-Edmond-Joseph Delacroix, (20 May 1856 – 16 May 1910) was a French painter and printmaker. He is most acclaimed as a master of Neo-Impressionism and he played an important role in shaping the second phase of that movement. He was a significant influence on Henri Matisse and many other artists. His work was instrumental......


Emile Bernard

Emile Bernard (1868 - 1941) - France (Lille)

后印象派, 后印象派

Émile Henri Bernard (28 April 1868 – 16 April 1941) was a French Post-Impressionist painter and writer, who had artistic friendships with Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin and Eugène Boch, and at a later time, Paul Cézanne. Most of his notable work was accomplished at a young age, in the years 1886 through 1897. He is also associated with Cloisonnism ......


Grant Wood

Grant Wood (1891 - 1942) - United States (Anamosa)

后印象派, 社会现实主义

Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942) was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic (1930), which has become an iconic painting of the 20th century. Wood was born in rural Iowa, 4 mi (6 km) east of Anamosa, in 1891. His mother moved the family to Cedar R......


Federico Zandomeneghi

Federico Zandomeneghi (1841 - 1917) - Italy (Venice)

印象派, Verism

Federico Zandomeneghi (Italian pronunciation: [fedeˈriːko dzandoˈmeːneɡi] June 2, 1841 – December 31, 1917) was an Italian Impressionist painter. Federico Zandomeneghi was born in Venice. His father Pietro and grandfather Luigi were neoclassic sculptors. The latter completed the monument to Titian found in the Frari of Venice. As a young man, he pr......


John Henry Twachtman

John Henry Twachtman (1853 - 1902) - United States (Cincinnati)

印象派, 风景画

John Henry Twachtman (August 4, 1853 – August 8, 1902) was an American painter best known for his impressionist landscapes, though his painting style varied widely through his career. Art historians consider Twachtman's style of American Impressionism to be among the more personal and experimental of his generation. He was a member of "The Ten", a ......


Pyotr Konchalovsky

Pyotr Konchalovsky (1876 - 1956) - Russia (Kharkov)

野兽派, 立体主义, 现实主义, 后印象派, 社会主义现实主义, 新艺术

Pyotr Konchalovsky (Petr Petrovich Konchalovsky, Russian: Пётр Петро́вич Кончало́вский 21 February 1876 – 2 February 1956) was a Russian painter, a member of the Jack of Diamonds group. Pyotr Konchalovsky was born in the village of Slavianka, Kharkov gubernia (currently Ukraine) on 21 February 1876. His father was an art publisher. In 1889, the Kon......


Gustave Caillebotte

Gustave Caillebotte (1848 - 1894) - France (Paris)

印象派, 印象派

Gustave Caillebotte (French: [ɡystav kɑjbɔt] 19 August 1848 – 21 February 1894) was a French painter, member and patron of the artists known as Impressionists, although he painted in a more realistic manner than many others in the group. Caillebotte was noted for his early interest in photography as an art form. Gustave Caillebotte was born on 19 A......


Richard Gerstl

Richard Gerstl (1883 - 1908) - Austria (Vienna)

后印象派, 新艺术, 表现主义

Richard Gerstl (14 September 1883 – 4 November 1908) was an Austrian painter and draughtsman known for his expressive psychologically insightful portraits, his lack of critical acclaim during his lifetime, and his affair with the wife of Arnold Schoenberg which led to his suicide. Richard Gerstl was born in a prosperous civil family, Emil Gerstl, a......


Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova

Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova (1881 - 1962) - Russia (Nagaevo)

后印象派, 未来主义, 野兽派, 立方未来主义

Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova (Russian: Ната́лья Серге́евна Гончаро́ва, IPA: [nɐˈtalʲjə sʲɪrˈɡʲejɪvnə ɡəntɕɐˈrovə] July 3, 1881 – October 17, 1962) was a Russian avant-garde artist, painter, costume designer, writer, illustrator, and set designer. She was a founding member of both the Jack of Diamonds, Moscow's first radical independent exhibiting g......


Max Slevogt

Max Slevogt (1868 - 1932) - Germany (Landshut)

印象派, 新艺术

Max Slevogt (8 October 1868 – 20 September 1932) was a German Impressionist painter and illustrator, best known for his landscapes. He was, together with Lovis Corinth and Max Liebermann, one of the foremost representatives in Germany of the plein air style. He was born in Landshut, Germany, in 1868. From 1885 to 1889 he studied at the Munich Acade......


Johan Barthold Jongkind

Johan Barthold Jongkind (1819 - 1891) - Netherlands (Lattrop)

印象派, 印象派

Johan Barthold Jongkind (3 June 1819 – 9 February 1891) was a Dutch painter and printmaker. He painted marine landscapes in a free manner and is regarded as a forerunner of Impressionism. Jongkind was born in the town of Lattrop in the Overijssel province of the Netherlands near the border with Germany. Trained at the art academy in The Hague under......


Eva Gonzales

Eva Gonzales (1849 - 1883) - France (Paris)

印象派, 印象派

Eva Gonzalès (April 19, 1849—May 6, 1883) was a French Impressionist painter. Eva Gonzalès was born in Paris into the family of the writer Emmanuel Gonzalès. In 1865, she began her professional training and took lessons in drawing from the society portraitist Charles Chaplin. Through her father’s connections as a founding president of the Société d......


Theodore Robinson

Theodore Robinson (1852 - 1896) - United States (Irasburg)

现实主义, 印象派

Theodore Robinson (June 3, 1852 – April 2, 1896) was an American painter best known for his Impressionist landscapes. He was one of the first American artists to take up Impressionism in the late 1880s, visiting Giverny and developing a close friendship with Claude Monet. Several of his works are considered masterpieces of American Impressionism. R......


Walter Richard Sickert

Walter Richard Sickert (1860 - 1942) - Germany (Munich)

印象派, 后印象派

Walter Richard Sickert (31 May 1860 – 22 January 1942) was an English painter and printmaker who was a member of the Camden Town Group in London. He was an important influence on distinctively British styles of avant-garde art in the 20th century. Sickert was a cosmopolitan and eccentric who often favoured ordinary people and urban scenes as his su......


Willard Leroy Metcalf

Willard Leroy Metcalf (1858 - 1925) - United States (Lowell)

印象派, 印象派

Willard Leroy Metcalf (July 1, 1858 – March 9, 1925) was an American artist born in Lowell, Massachusetts. He studied at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and later attended Académie Julian, Paris. After early figure-painting and illustration, he became prominent as a landscape painter. He was one of the Ten American Painters who in 18......


Paul Cesar Helleu

Paul Cesar Helleu (1859 - 1927) - France (Vannes)

后印象派, 超现实主义

Paul César Helleu (17 December 1859 – 23 March 1927) was a French oil painter, pastel artist, drypoint etcher, and designer, best known for his numerous portraits of beautiful society women of the Belle Époque. He also conceived the ceiling mural of night sky constellations for Grand Central Terminal in New York City. He was also the father of Jean......


Giovanni Segantini

Giovanni Segantini (1858 - 1899) - Austria (Arco)

后印象派, 后印象派

Giovanni Segantini (15 January 1858 – 28 September 1899) was an Italian painter known for his large pastoral landscapes of the Alps. He was one of the most famous artists in Europe in the late 19th century, and his paintings were collected by major museums. In later life, he combined a Divisionist painting style with Symbolist images of nature. He ......


Alexandre Benois

Alexandre Benois (1870 - 1960) - Russia (St. Petersburg)

新艺术, 后印象派

Alexandre Nikolayevich Benois (Russian: Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Бенуа́, also spelled Alexander Benois 3 May [O.S. 21 April] 1870, Saint Petersburg – 9 February 1960, Paris) was a Russian artist, art critic, historian, preservationist, and founding member of Mir iskusstva (World of Art), an art movement and magazine. As a designer for the Ballets Rus......


Konstantinos Volanakis

Konstantinos Volanakis (1837 - 1907) - Greece (Heraklion)

现实主义, 印象派

Konstantinos Volanakis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Βολανάκης 1837, Heraklion - 29 June 1907, Piraeus) was a Greek painter who became known as the "father of Greek seascape painting". His parents came from a small village near Rethymno. Later, they moved again for business reasons, and he completed his basic education on Syros in 1856. Afterward, urged on ......


Giuseppe De Nittis

Giuseppe De Nittis (1846 - 1884) - Italy (Barletta)

印象派, 学院派

Giuseppe De Nittis (February 25, 1846 – August 21, 1884) was one of the most important Italian painters of the 19th century, whose work merges the styles of Salon art and Impressionism. De Nittis was born in Barletta, in the region of Apulia, where he first studied under Giovanni Battista Calò. After being expelled in 1863 from the Instituto di Bel......


Frederick Carl Frieseke

Frederick Carl Frieseke (1874 - 1939) - United States (Owosso)

印象派, 印象派

Frederick Carl Frieseke (April 7, 1874 – August 24, 1939) was an American Impressionist painter who spent most of his life as an expatriate in France. An influential member of the Giverny art colony, his paintings often concentrated on various effects of dappled sunlight. He is especially known for painting female subjects, both indoors and out. In......


Robert Delaunay

Robert Delaunay (1885 - 1941) - France (Paris)

奥费主义, 后印象派

Robert Delaunay (12 April 1885 – 25 October 1941) was a French artist who, with his wife Sonia Delaunay and others, co-founded the Orphism art movement, noted for its use of strong colours and geometric shapes. His later works were more abstract, reminiscent of Paul Klee. His key influence related to bold use of colour and a clear love of experimen......


Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin

Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin (1878 - 1939) - Russia (Khvalynsk)

后印象派, 后印象派

Kuzma Sergeevich Petrov-Vodkin, Russian: Кузьма Сергеевич Петров-Водкин (November 5, 1878 – February 15, 1939) was an important Russian and Soviet painter and writer. Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin was born in Khvalynsk (Saratov Oblast) into the family of a local shoemaker. His first exposure to art was in his early childhood, when he took some lessons from a......


Vladimir Tatlin

Vladimir Tatlin (1885 - 1953) - Ukraine (Kharkov)

立体主义, 后印象派, 抽象艺术的, 表现主义

Vladimir Yevgraphovich Tatlin (Russian: Влади́мир Евгра́фович Та́тлин 28 December [O.S. 16 December] 1885 – 31 May 1953) was a Soviet painter and architect. With Kazimir Malevich he was one of the two most important figures in the Soviet avant-garde art movement of the 1920s, and he later became an important artist in the Constructivist movement. H......


Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar

Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar (1871 - 1960) - Hungary (Budapest)

后印象派, 社会主义现实主义, 现实主义, 新艺术, Neoplasticism

Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar (Russian: Игорь Эммануилович Грабарь, 25 March 1871 in Budapest – 16 May 1960 in Moscow) was a Russian post-impressionist painter, publisher, restorer and historian of art. Grabar, descendant of a wealthy Rusyn family, was trained as a painter by Ilya Repin in Saint Petersburg and by Anton Ažbe in Munich. He reached his pe......


David Davidovich Burliuk

David Davidovich Burliuk (1882 - 1967) -

后印象派, 天真艺术的原始主义, 未来主义, 摘要 艺术, 抽象艺术的, 现实主义, 超现实主义, 野兽派, 立方未来主义

David Davidovich Burliuk (Ukrainian: Дави́д Дави́дович Бурлю́к 21 July 1882 – 15 January 1967) was a Ukrainian Futurist, Neo-Primitivist, book illustrator, publicist, and author associated with Russian Futurism. Burliuk is often described as "the father of Russian Futurism." David Burliuk was born in 1882 in Semyrotivka near the village of Riabushk......


Philip Wilson Steer

Philip Wilson Steer (1860 - 1942) - United Kingdom (Birkenhead)

印象派, 印象派

Philip Wilson Steer OM (28 December 1860 – 18 March 1942) was a British painter of landscapes, seascapes plus portraits and figure studies. He was also an influential art teacher. His sea and landscape paintings made him a leading figure in the Impressionist movement in Britain but in time he turned to a more traditional English style, clearly infl......


James Carroll Beckwith

James Carroll Beckwith (1852 - 1917) - United States (Hannibal)

印象派, 印象派

James Carroll Beckwith (September 23, 1852 – October 24, 1917) was an American landscape, portrait and genre painter whose Naturalist style led to his recognition in the late nineteenth and very early twentieth century as a respected figure in American art. Carroll Beckwith, as he preferred to be known, was born in Hannibal, Missouri on September 2......


Frits Thaulow

Frits Thaulow (1847 - 1906) - Norway (Christiania)

印象派, 现实主义

Frits Thaulow (Christiania, 20 October 1847 – Volendam, 5 November 1906) was a Norwegian Impressionist painter, best known for his naturalistic depictions of landscape. Johan Frederik Thaulow was born in Christiania, the son of the wealthy chemist, Harald Conrad Thaulow (1815–1881) and Nicoline ("Nina") Louise Munch (1821–1894). Thaulow was educate......


Julian Alden Weir

Julian Alden Weir (1852 - 1919) - United States (West Point)

风景画, 印象派

Julian Alden Weir (West Point, 30 agosto 1852 – New York, 8 dicembre 1919) è stato un pittore impressionista statunitense. Appartenne al gruppo dei Ten American Painters e frequentò la Cos Cob Art Colony . Weir nacque e crebbe a West Point, figlio del pittore Robert Walter, professore di disegno all'Accademia militare di West Point. Anche suo frate......


Konstantin Yuon

Konstantin Yuon (1875 - 1958) - Russia (Moscow)

新艺术, 后印象派, 社会主义现实主义

Konstantin Fyodorovich Yuon or Juon (Russian: Константи́н Фёдорович Юо́н October 24 [O.S. October 12] 1875 – April 11, 1958) was a noted Russian painter and theatre designer associated with the Mir Iskusstva. Later, he co-founded the Union of Russian Artists and the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. Yuon was born in Moscow to the fami......


Edward Henry Potthast

Edward Henry Potthast (1857 - 1927) - United States (Cincinnati)

印象派, 印象派

Edward Henry Potthast (June 10, 1857 – March 9, 1927) was an American Impressionist painter. He is known for his paintings of people at leisure in Central Park, and on the beaches of New York and New England. Edward Henry Potthast was born on June 10, 1857 in Cincinnati, Ohio to Henry Ignatz Potthast and Bernadine Scheiffers. Starting in 1870 he st......



Edouard Cortes

Edouard Cortes (1882 - 1969) - France (Lagny/Marne)

后印象派, 后印象派

Edouard Léon Cortès (1882–1969) was a French post-impressionist artist of French and Spanish ancestry. He is known as "Le Poete Parisien de la Peinture" or "the Parisian Poet of Painting" because of his diverse Paris cityscapes in a variety of weather and night settings. Cortes was born on August 6, 1882, in Lagny-sur-Marne, about twenty miles east......


Eugène Anatole Carrière

Eugène Anatole Carrière (1849 - 1906) - France (Gournay-Sur-Marne)

后印象派, 后印象派

Eugène Anatole Carrière (16 January 1849 – 27 March 1906) was a French Symbolist artist of the Fin de siècle period. His paintings are best known for their brown monochrome palette. He was a close friend of the sculptor Rodin and his work influenced Picasso. Some see traces of Carrière's monochrome style in Picasso's Blue Period. He was born at Gou......


Maxime Emile Louis Maufra

Maxime Emile Louis Maufra (1861 - 1918) -

后印象派, 印象派

Maxime Maufra (17 May 1861 in Nantes – 23 May 1918) was a French landscape and marine painter, etcher and lithographer. Maufra first began painting at 18. He was encouraged to do so by two artists from Nantes such as the brothers Charles Leduc and Alfred Leduc and the landscape painter Charles Le Roux. However, he did not fully embrace his painting......


Georges Lacombe

Georges Lacombe (1868 - 1916) - France (Versailles)

后印象派, 后印象派

Georges Lacombe (18 June 1868 – 29 June 1916) was a French sculptor and painter. Born to a distinguished family of Versailles, he received his artistic training at the Académie Julian from the impressionists Alfred Philippe Roll and Henri Gervex. At the Académie Julian he met Émile Bernard and Paul Sérusier in 1892, shortly afterwards becoming a me......


Frank Weston Benson

Frank Weston Benson (1862 - 1951) - United States (Salem)

印象派, 印象派

Frank Weston Benson, frequently referred to as Frank W. Benson, (March 24, 1862 – November 15, 1951) was an American artist from Salem, Massachusetts known for his Realistic portraits, American Impressionist paintings, watercolors and etchings. He began his career painting portraits of distinguished families and murals for the Library of Congress. ......


Charles Courtney Curran

Charles Courtney Curran (1861 - 1942) - United States (Hartford)

印象派, 印象派

Charles Courtney Curran (13 February 1861 – 9 November 1942) was an American painter. He is best known for his canvases depicting women in various settings. Curran was born in Hartford, Kentucky in February, 1861, where his father taught school. A few months later after the beginning of the Civil War, the family left there and returned to Ohio, eve......


Georges Lemmen

Georges Lemmen (1865 - 1916) - Belgium (Schaerbeek)

后印象派, 后印象派


Robert Lewis Reid

Robert Lewis Reid (1862 - 1929) - United States (Stockbridge)

印象派, 印象派

Robert Lewis Reid (Stockbridge, 29 luglio 1862 – Clifton Springs, 2 dicembre 1929) è stato un pittore impressionista statunitense.Fece parte del Gruppo dei Dieci (Ten American Painters). Nato in una cittadina del Massachusetts, Reid studiò nella School of the Museum of Fine Arts di Boston, allievo di Otto Grundmann. Nel 1884 si recò a New York City......


Konstantinos Maleas

Konstantinos Maleas (1879 - 1928) - Turkey (Constantinople)

后印象派, 后印象派

Konstantinos Maleas (Κωνσταντίνος Μαλέας) (Constantinople, 1879 - Athens, 1928) was one of the most important Post-impressionist Greek painters of the 20th century. Along with Konstantinos Parthenis, he is sometimes considered Greece's most important modern artist. Maleas was born and grew up in Constantinople, far away from the Greek artistic cent......


Edmund Charles Tarbell

Edmund Charles Tarbell (1862 - 1938) - United States (Groton)

印象派, 印象派

Edmund Charles Tarbell (West Groton, 26 aprile 1862 – 1º agosto 1938) è stato un pittore impressionista statunitense. Appartenne al gruppo dei "Ten American Painters" e oggi le sue opere sono in gran parte conservate nello "Smithsonian American Art Museum", nella "Corcoran Gallery of Art", presso la "National Academy of Design" e nella Casa Bianca.......


Ernest Lawson

Ernest Lawson (1873 - 1939) - Canada (Halifax)

印象派, 印象派

Ernest Lawson (March 22, 1873 – December 18, 1939) was a Canadian-American painter and a member of The Eight, a group of artists who formed a loose association in 1908 to protest the narrowness of taste and restrictive exhibition policies of the conservative, powerful National Academy of Design. Though Lawson was primarily a landscape painter, he a......


Robert Julian Onderdonk

Robert Julian Onderdonk (1880 - 1922) - United States (San Antonio)

印象派, 印象派

(Robert) Julian Onderdonk (July 30, 1882 – October 27, 1922) was a Texan Impressionist painter, often called "the father of Texas painting." Julian Onderdonk was born in San Antonio, Texas, to Robert Jenkins Onderdonk, a painter, and Emily Gould Onderdonk. He was raised in South Texas and was an enthusiastic sketcher and painter. As a teenager Onde......


Theodore Clement Steele

Theodore Clement Steele (1847 - 1926) - United States (Owen County)

印象派, 印象派



Albert-Charles Lebourg (Albert-Marie Lebourg)

Albert-Charles Lebourg (Albert-Marie Lebourg) (1849 - 1928) - France (Montfort-Sur-Risle)

印象派, 印象派


Antoine Blanchard (Marcel Masson)

Antoine Blanchard (Marcel Masson) (1910 - 1988) - France (Paris)

印象派, 印象派




Cornelis Vreedenburgh

Cornelis Vreedenburgh (1880 - 1946) - Netherlands (Woerden)

印象派, 印象派



Jean Theodoor Toorop

Jean Theodoor Toorop (1858 - 1928) - Indonesia (Poerworedjo)

印象派, 新艺术



Panayiotis Tetsis

Panayiotis TetsisPanayiotis Tetsis Greece (Hydra)

后印象派, 后印象派






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